Advanced Search Abstract This paper proposes that the application of the Transtheoretical Model's stages of change to dietary behaviours may be fundamentally problematic due to the difference in nature between dietary behaviours and the addictive behaviours upon which the model was originally based. It was considered that specific problems associated with stage categorization for dietary change would include: A total of volunteers completed questionnaires that measured their stage of change with respect to one of three dietary behaviours healthy eating, eating a low-fat diet, and eating five portions of fruit and vegetables per day. Results indicate that people who were actively making a change actors or maintaining a change maintainers had done so for a range of different periods of time, with no specific cut-off point being evident.
Gambling Addiction Sex Addiction Gaming Addiction Food Addiction Though almost everyone engages in all of the activities listed above — shopping, gambling, and certainly eating and exercise — to a certain degree and may even enjoy the behavior very much, it is not termed an addiction until the following is true: The person has difficulties in significant relationships at home and, in some cases, at work because the behavior is so disruptive.
The person experiences other negative consequences that are directly caused by continued, extreme, or chronic engagement in the behavior. For example, a person with a gambling addiction may gamble away the house, lose a job, and be forced into bankruptcy due to the extreme nature of the gambling.
The person is unable to stop engaging in the behavior despite these consequences. If you believe that you, or someone you love, are struggling with a behavioral addictionthe good news is that treatment is a powerful tool.
Learning how to manage the behavior and begin to address the issues caused by the long-term behaviors begins with intensive and integrated treatment. Most people engage in hundreds of different behaviors throughout the day, each one with its own set of consequences.
In general, people make choices about which behavior to engage in next relatively thoughtfully and with the intent to improve their experience. For example, if you are hungry, you may choose to get a healthy snack that will not only satisfy your hunger but also give you energy to continue your day.
However, someone who is living with a food addiction may choose to eat even when not hungry and may binge eat unhealthy foods in large amounts. When the behavior becomes impulsive in nature and begins to contribute to the development of a range of physical and mental health problems and the person is unable to stop, it is termed an addiction.
Does this mean that you can be addicted to any behavior? It is a question that fuels an ongoing debate. Unfortunately, the fact is that if a little self-control were the only issue, then people struggling with behavioral addictions would certainly stop engaging in their behavior of choice long before it harmed their physical health, ended primary relationships, and caused a host of financial, legal, and mental health problems.
What we do know is that there are several behaviors that are commonly reported as occurring at an addiction level, wreaking havoc and destroying lives for as long as they remain untreated. Additionally, many who struggle with gambling addiction may consider or attempt suicide.
Food Addiction Though we all have to eat, and many people are prone to overeating on occasion or eating out of boredom or for pure enjoyment, people who struggle with food addiction cannot control their compulsive eating behaviors.
Additionally, people who are addicted to food may develop a tolerance for food, as is characteristic of people who are addicted to drugs or alcohol. People who struggle with food addiction may be obese, but people who have a normal BMI may also struggle with the disorder.
Damaged relationships, issues of self-esteem, and other health problems may also result.
While roller coaster rides and adventure sports like parachuting out of an airplane or snowboarding off cliffs may be the lengths that most people will go with the intent of catching an adrenaline rush, some people take it further.
Risky driving like driving under the influence, having unprotected sex with strangers, and choosing other activities that clearly put them at risk can indicate an addiction to risk when the person is unable to stop engaging in these activities despite the increase in negative consequences.
Video Game Addiction Addiction to the fantasy and escape provided by video game play is a growing phenomenon.
Graphics are getting better all the time, new games are always coming out, and the ability to communicate with others via headsets while playing the game with people who would otherwise be strangers from all around the world is uniquely interesting to people who may have a hard time connecting with others in person.
Similarly, taking on the role of someone else and living a virtual life can also be alluring. As compared to a substance abuse addiction or even to other process addictions, video game addiction may seem relatively harmless, and certainly many people can play video games on occasion without ever developing a problem.
When Addiction Is Out of Control and Help Is Needed Identifying when a behavior has turned into a problem issue and that problem has developed into an addiction can be tricky. It can be easy to be too close to the person and unable to recognize when things have gone from occasionally upsetting to a diagnosable disorder that requires treatment.
The fact is that addiction is defined as a disease of the braina chronic illness that requires intensive therapeutic and medical treatment. When this happens, and the person is still unable to stop engaging in the addictive behavior even with a genuine desire to stop or great fear or remorse about what has and will happen, it is time to seek treatment.
Many of the same programs that are effective in the treatment of dependence upon drugs or alcohol are effective in the treatment of behavioral addictions. An effective behavioral addiction treatment program should offer all clients access to the resources they need.
This may include any combination of the following: Some clients describe insomnia, feelings of agitation, panic, angry outbursts, headaches, and other withdrawal symptoms when they stop indulging in the addictive behavior. Therapeutic support through this transitional period can assist the client in reaching stability in treatment and improve the capacity to focus on growth and healing going forward.
It is often just as important for loved ones and family members to engage in their own healing processes as it is for the person living with the behavioral addiction. Choosing a range of therapies that assist the client in reaching treatment goals, and staying in treatment for as long as necessary to ensure that the client is strong and stable in recovery are key to an effective behavioral addiction treatment program.
If a substance abuse or addiction disorder is a part of the experience of a client seeking treatment for a behavioral addiction, it is essential that treatment for that substance abuse disorder is integrated into the overall treatment plan.
For many clients, the urge to drink or do drugs is coupled with the urge to engage in the process addiction. For example, some say that as soon as they get a drink in hand, the next thought is gambling. Others may include the use of stimulant drugs as a part of their ritual when they engage in behaviors triggered by or related to sex addiction.Keywords: Psychological, Determinants, Adolescents, and Addictive Behaviours Introduction Adolescence is a transitional period in the human life span, it is a linkage of childhood to.
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