An overview of the long lasting civilizations of the aztec maya and inca empires

It ruled much of the region from the s until the Spanish arrived in Much of the Aztec society centered around their religion and gods. They built large pyramids as temples to their gods and went to war to capture people they could sacrifice to their gods.

An overview of the long lasting civilizations of the aztec maya and inca empires

The first of these was the Maya civilization. Maya Civilization About 2, years ago, people known as the Maya lived in farming villages on the Yucatan Peninsula and the highlands to the south. Excavations at Tikal, Guatemala, one of the greatest and oldest Maya centers, have revealed thousands of structures and artifacts.

The findings include temples, pyramids, ball-playing courts, stone monuments, tools, ceremonial objects, and a great many pottery fragments. The limestone of the Yucatan Peninsula was easily quarried and used for building and tool making.

In the south, volcanoes stretched over the highlands and yielded valuable resources.

The ancient Olmec Civilization

The fertile volcanic soil allowed the people to grow crops. Between andthey expanded their empire until it extended nearly 2, miles from north to south and included as many as 16 million people. The lands they occupied included mountains, coastal desert, and low-lying jungle.

The Incan central government at Cuzco maintained a strong military and passed laws to create official customs and an official language and calendar.

The Inca engineered 14, miles of roads, including tunnels and bridges, and built the great fortress of Sacsahuaman. They also developed highly advanced terracing and irrigation methods to allow farming in difficult mountain terrain.

This valley had a mild climate that was good for agriculture.

An overview of the long lasting civilizations of the aztec maya and inca empires

The surrounding lowlands offered a hotter, wetter tropical climate and an abundance of natural resources. They called themselves the Mexica pronounced me-shee-ka and became accomplished corn farmers, warriors, and temple builders.

The statues stood guard at the doorway of the meeting room of the Aztec warriors. The aggression and warrior skill of the Aztecs allowed them to conquer neighboring people.

An overview of the long lasting civilizations of the aztec maya and inca empires

Eventually, the empire stretched over most of central Mexico and included millions of people. Their accomplishments included the development of complex writing and mathematical systems and impressive advances in astronomy. They used two calendars. One calendar was based on a solar year, while the other was a kind of sacred almanac.

A sophisticated three-symbol numerical system allowed the Maya to record numbers into the millions.

Pre-Classic and Classic periods

The Aztec civilization, which emerged beginning in the s, is considered the greatest of the civilizations that developed in Mesoamerica, the area extending from central Mexico to Honduras.

Settling first on an island in Lake Texcoco, the Aztecs expanded their control to most of central Mexico. Like the Maya, the Aztec used a sacred calendar and a day agricultural calendar.

The Aztec writing system was based on glyphs, symbols that stand for sounds or words. The few remaining Aztec books, called codices, provide rich depictions of Aztec legends, beliefs, and daily life.

At about the same time that the Aztecs flourished in Mexico, the highly developed Incan Empire flourished in the Andes Mountains and along the west coast of South America.

The vast Incan Empire had a central government that established laws, developed a complex road system, planned cities, and created farmlands along the sides of mountains. Unlike the Aztecs and the Maya, the Inca did not develop a writing system. Records of inventories were kept on bundles of knotted cords called quipus.

Museo de America, Madrid, Spain.Mesoamerica Civilizations PowerPoint - Maya, Aztec, Inca (63 Slides!) - This Mesoamerica 63 slide PowerPoint Presentation centers on the major events, themes and history of the major civilizations of Mesoamerica, including: Maya, Aztec and Inca.

They were the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations. Each civilization developed farming and trade networks and built large cities and temples.

In this unit, students will earn where the civilizations of the Americas developed and what they were like. Aztecs, Incas, and Mayans – Oh My!

History - Riverview School

A closer look at these early civilizations Author Nashua Rhinehart Identify the early civilizations (e.g., Maya, Aztec, Inca/Inka) that developed into empires in Central and South America. Overview Students need to understand that there were.

Identify the locations of the Aztec, Mayan, and Incan empires. Explain how the locations, land forms, and climates of Mexico, Central America, and South America affected the development of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan societies, cultures, and economies.

the aztec, inca, and maya civilizations all achieved great progress in developing the arts and architecture one similarity of the aztec, maya, and inca empires is that they.

The basics

The ancient Olmec Civilization. The ancient Olmec civilization is now considered to be one of the earliest great civilizations in Mesoamerica. This civilization came and went long before the Aztec empire was even thought of, and yet they left their mark on the peoples of Mexico and beyond, and developed a complex culture which is still echoed today, probably in ways we don't yet even realize.

The Inca Empire: Children of the Sun []