It resulted in nearly 60, American deaths and in an estimated 2 million Vietnamese deaths. Even today, many Americans still ask whether the American effort in Vietnam was a sin, a blunder, a necessary war, or whether it was a noble cause, or an idealistic, if failed, effort to protect the South Vietnamese from totalitarian government. As a result of the conference, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam received their independence, and Vietnam was temporarily divided between an anti-Communist South and a Communist North.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Beneath the outward success of the Diem regime, however, lay fatal problems. Diem was a poor administrator who refused to delegate authority, and he was pathologically suspicious of anyone who was not a member of his family.
His brother and close confidant, Ngo Dinh Nhu, controlled an extensive system of extortion, payoffs, and influence peddling through a secret network called the Can Lao, which had clandestine members in all government bureaus and military units as well as schools, newspapers, and businesses.
In the countryside, ambitious programs of social and economic reform had been allowed to languish while many local officials and police engaged in extortion, bribery, and theft of government property. That many of these officials were, like Diem himself, northerners and Roman Catholics further alienated them from the local people.
Byhowever, the communists, now called the Viet Cong VChad begun a program of terrorism and assassination against government officials and functionaries. Beginning in the spring ofarmed bands of Viet Cong were occasionally engaging units of the South Vietnamese army in regular firefights.
By that time the Central Committee of the Vietnamese Communist Party, meeting in Hanoihad endorsed a resolution calling for the use of armed force to overthrow the Diem government.
Southerners specially trained in the North as insurgents were infiltrated back into the South along with arms and equipment.
A new war had begun. Higher-ranking officers, appointed on the basis of their family connections and political reliability, were often apatheticincompetent, or corrupt—and sometimes all three.
The higher ranks of the army were also thoroughly penetrated by Viet Cong agents, who held positions varying from drivers, clerks, and radio operators to senior headquarters officers. With its heavy American-style equipment, the ARVN was principally a road-bound force not well configured to pursuing VC units in swamps or jungles.
National Archives and Records Administration At the end of the communists in the South announced the formation of the National Liberation Front NLFwhich was designed to serve as the political arm of the Viet Cong and also as a broad-based organization for all those who desired an end to the Diem regime.
At the base of the PLAF were village guerrilla units, made up of part-time combatants who lived at home and worked at their regular occupations during the day. Their function was to persuade or intimidate their neighbours into supporting the NLF, to protect its political apparatus, and to harass the government, police, and security forces with booby traps, raids, kidnappings, and murders.
The guerrilla forces also served as a recruiting agency and source of manpower for the other echelons of the PLAF.
Above the guerrillas were the local or regional forces, full-time soldiers organized in platoon- or company-sized units who operated within the bounds of a province or region.
As members of the guerrilla militia gained experience, they might be upgraded to the regional or main forces. These forces were better-equipped and acted as full-time soldiers. Based in remote jungles, swamps, or mountainous areas, they could operate throughout a province in the case of regional forces or even the country in the case of the main force.
When necessary, the full-time forces might also reinforce a guerrilla unit or several units for some special operation. Viet Cong guerrillas working in the jungles of western Vietnam, May 7, is formed to create a supply route from North Vietnam to Vietcong forces in South Vietnam.
With the approval of Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia, Group develops a primitive. Among the causes of World War II were Italian fascism in the s, Japanese militarism and invasion of China in the s, and especially the political takeover in of Germany by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy.
The immediate cause was Germany invading Poland on September 1, , and Britain and France declaring war on Germany on September 3, Overview of the Vietnam War Digital History ID a necessary war, or whether it was a noble cause, or an idealistic, if failed, effort to protect the South Vietnamese from totalitarian government.
Summary: Between and , the Vietnamese waged an anti-colonial war against France, which received $ billion in financial support. Among the causes of World War II were Italian fascism in the s, Japanese militarism and invasion of China in the s, and especially the political takeover in of Germany by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy.
The immediate cause was Germany invading Poland on September 1, , and Britain and France declaring war on Germany on September 3, Diệm era, –63 Insurgency in the South, –60 The Vietnam War entry in The Canadian Encyclopedia asserts plainly that Canada's record on the truce commissions was a pro-Saigon partisan one.
United Front for the Liberation of Oppressed Races (FULRO) The Location: South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand. PERIOD IV. CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION.
CHAPTER I. CAUSES OF THE WAR. It was a mistake to refer the great Rebellion, for ultimate source, to ambiguity in the Constitution or to the wickedness of politicians or of the people.3/5(7).