Adorable animal families that will make you "aww" Cultural globalization is the rapid movement of ideas, attitudes, and values across national borders. The term "globalization" came to be widely used in the s, but as early as the s, the Canadian literary critic Marshall McLuhan popularized the term "global village" to describe the effect that the ability to connect and exchange ideas instantaneously would bring to the world. This sharing of ideas generally leads to greater interconnectedness and interaction between peoples of diverse cultures and ways of life, which can have both positive and negative results.
See Article History Cultural globalization, a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, reflects a standardization of cultural expressions around the world. Propelled by the efficiency or appeal of wireless communicationselectronic commercepopular cultureand international travel, globalization has been seen as a trend toward homogeneity that will eventually make human experience everywhere essentially the same.
This appears, however, to be an overstatement of the phenomenon. Although homogenizing influences do indeed exist, they are far from creating anything akin to a single world culture.
Emergence of global subcultures Some observers argue that a rudimentary version of world culture is taking shape among certain individuals who share similar values, aspirationsor lifestyles.
The result is a collection of elite groups whose unifying ideals transcend geographical limitations. Expanding on the concept of Davos culture, sociologist Peter L. While not as wealthy or privileged as their Davos counterparts, members of this international faculty club wield tremendous influence through their association with educational institutions worldwide and have been instrumental in promoting feminism, environmentalism, and human rights as global issues.
Berger cited the antismoking movement as a case in point: By sharpening such identities, these NGOs have globalized the movement to preserve indigenous world cultures.
Transnational workers Another group stems from the rise of a transnational workforce. Indian-born anthropologist Arjun Appadurai has studied English-speaking professionals who trace their origins to South Asia but who live and work elsewhere.
They circulate in a social world that has multiple home bases, and they have gained access to a unique network of individuals and opportunities. For example, many software engineers and Internet entrepreneurs who live and work in Silicon ValleyCalifornia, maintain homes in—and strong social ties to—Indian states such as Maharashtra and Punjab.
The persistence of local culture Underlying these various visions of globalization is a reluctance to define exactly what is meant by the term culture.
During most of the 20th century, anthropologists defined culture as a shared set of beliefs, customs, and ideas that held people together in recognizable, self-identified groups. Scholars in many disciplines challenged this notion of cultural coherenceespecially as it became evident that members of close-knit groups held radically different visions of their social worlds.
Culture is no longer perceived as a knowledge system inherited from ancestors. As a result, many social scientists now treat culture as a set of ideas, attributes, and expectations that change as people react to changing circumstances. Indeed, by the turn of the 21st century, the collapse of barriers enforced by Soviet communism and the rise of electronic commerce have increased the perceived speed of social change everywhere.
The term local culture is commonly used to characterize the experience of everyday life in specific, identifiable localities. Given the strength of local cultures, it is difficult to argue that an overarching global culture actually exists.
Jet-setting sophisticates may feel comfortable operating in a global network disengaged from specific localities, but these people constitute a very small minority; their numbers are insufficient to sustain a coherent cultural system.The culture that spread through the world by globalization is American culture.
For example, there is McDonald’s anywhere now in the world. Also, Disney is the . Cultural Globalization Through Japanese Popular Culture Cultural globalization is the rapid traversing of ideas, foreign influences, technologies, spread of language, markets and values across national borders.
It not only increases freedom of choice, but also revitalizes cultures and cultural artifacts through interconnectedness and interaction between peoples of diverse cultures and ways of life.
Nov 13, · Cultural globalization is perhaps best exemplified by pop entertainment culture. Young people in Moscow, for example, dance in ways that are similar to those in Rekjavik and Tokyo. Japanese animé is watched in Chicago, and Mexican soap operas are enjoyed by viewers in Manila.
“Globalization and Social Change in Contemporary Japan” is a timely and valuable contribution to research on this subject. Generally speaking, issues surrounding culture and globalization have received less attention than the debates, which have arisen over globalization and the environment or labor standards.
In part this is because cultural issues are more exposure to foreign culture can undermine their own cultural . SUSHI: Globalization through Food Culture to trace the relations among economic, social, and cultural phenomena.
Globalization has many critics and many of their criticisms are justi ﬁ ed.