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The English equivalent "theology" Theologie, Teologye had evolved by Definition[ edit ] Augustine of Hippo defined the Latin equivalent, theologia, as "reasoning or discussion concerning the Deity";  Richard Hooker defined "theology" in English as "the science of things divine ".
The study of these assumptions is not part of theology proper but is found in the philosophy of religionand increasingly through the psychology of religion and neurotheology. Theology then aims to structure and understand these experiences and concepts, and to use them to derive normative prescriptions for how to live our lives.
Theologians use various forms of analysis and argument experientialphilosophicalethnographichistoricaland others to help understandexplaintest, critiquedefend or promote any myriad of religious topics.
As in philosophy of ethics and case lawarguments often assume the existence of previously resolved questions, and develop by making analogies from them to draw new inferences in new situations.
The study of theology may help a theologian more deeply understand their own religious tradition another religious tradition,  or it may enable them to explore the nature of divinity without reference to any specific tradition.
Theology may be used to propagate reform,  or justify a religious tradition or it may be used to compare challenge e. Theology might also help a theologian to address some present situation or need through a religious tradition,  or to explore possible ways of interpreting the world.
There, however, the word refers not to John the "theologian" in the modern English sense of the word but—using a slightly different sense of the root logos, meaning not "rational discourse" but "word" or "message"—one who speaks the words of God, logoi toy theoy. It is in this last sense, theology as an academic discipline involving rational study of Christian teaching, that the term passed into English in the fourteenth century,  although it could also be used in the narrower sense found in Boethius and the Greek patristic authors, to mean rational study of the essential nature of God — a discourse now sometimes called theology proper.
They suggest the term is less appropriate in religious contexts that are organized differently religions without a single deity, or that deny that such subjects can be studied logically. Christian theology is the study of Christian belief and practice. Such study concentrates primarily upon the texts of the Old Testament and the New Testament as well as on Christian tradition.
Christian theologians use biblical exegesis, rational analysis and argument. Theology might be undertaken to help the theologian better understand Christian tenets, to make comparisons between Christianity and other traditions, to defend Christianity against objections and criticism, to facilitate reforms in the Christian church, to assist in the propagation of Christianity, to draw on the resources of the Christian tradition to address some present situation or need, or for a variety of other reasons.
Gardet  Hinduism[ edit ] Within Hindu philosophythere is a tradition of philosophical speculation on the nature of the universe, of God termed " Brahman ", Paramatma and Bhagavan in some schools of Hindu thought and of the Atman soul.
The Sanskrit word for the various schools of Hindu philosophy is Darshana meaning "view" or "viewpoint". Vaishnava theology has been a subject of study for many devotees, philosophers and scholars in India for centuries.
A large part of its study lies in classifying and organizing the manifestations of thousands of gods and their aspects. In recent decades the study of Hinduism has also been taken up by a number of academic institutions in Europe, such as the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies and Bhaktivedanta College.
Krishnology Buddhism[ edit ] Some academic inquiries within Buddhismdedicated to the investigation of a Buddhist understanding of the world, prefer the designation Buddhist philosophy to the term Buddhist theology, since Buddhism lacks the same conception of a theos.
Jose Ignacio Cabezon, who argues that the use of "theology" is appropriate, can only do so, he says, because "I take theology not to be restricted to discourse on God In that latter sense, Buddhism is of course atheological, rejecting as it does the notion of God.
Outline of theology As an academic discipline[ edit ] The history of the study of theology in institutions of higher education is as old as the history of such institutions themselves.
For instance, Taxila was an early centre of Vedic learning, possible from the 6th century BC or earlier;  the Platonic Academy founded in Athens in the 4th century BC seems to have included theological themes in its subject matter;  the Chinese Taixue delivered Confucian teaching from the 2nd century BC;  the School of Nisibis was a centre of Christian learning from the 4th century AD;   Nalanda in India was a site of Buddhist higher learning from at least the 5th or 6th century AD;  and the Moroccan University of Al-Karaouine was a centre of Islamic learning from the 10th century,  as was Al-Azhar University in Cairo.
It is possible, however, that the development of cathedral schools into universities was quite rare, with the University of Paris being an exception.Life on the Mississippi [with Biographical Introduction] and millions of other books are available for instant rutadeltambor.com | Audible.
Inventio, one of the five canons of rhetoric, is the method used for the discovery of arguments in Western rhetoric and comes from the Latin word, meaning "invention" or "discovery".
Inventio is the central, indispensable canon of rhetoric, and traditionally means a systematic search for arguments.: – A speaker uses Inventio when .
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Classification Essay Topics. Find out 50 the most interesting classification essay topics. We will also share with you how you can write a classification essay. Theology is the critical study of the nature of the rutadeltambor.com is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries..
Theology is basically the study of deities or their scriptures in order to discover what they have revealed about themselves. While theology has turned into a secular field, religion followers still consider theology as a discipline that helps them live. International Perspectives on Race and Ethnicity: An Annotated Bibliography by Heewon Chang and Timothy Dodd of Eastern College.
This article was originally published in the Spring edition of EMME, the Electronic Magazine of Multicultural Education..
Abstract. Mobilizing finance for investment and innovation in low-carbon energy is a key challenge for climate change mitigation (Dangerman and Schellnhuber, , Grubb, , Stern, ).Because cumulative carbon emissions determine the .