Probably, when a need of an individual is satisfied, then another rise, soon it becomes a cycle and makes the individual to get motivated for the work in order to achieve such satisfaction. The management has always been a critical sector of the organization and viewing employee motivation is really a tough job, but the innovative theories made it very easy to analyze and explore for significant solutions to raise the employee motivation.
Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor - is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time. He was a social psychologist who became the President of Antioch College.
He later became a professor of management at Massachusetts Institute of Technology he was succeeded by Warren Bennis. His work is based upon Maslow's Hierarchy of Needsin that he grouped the hierarchy into lower-order needs Theory X and higher-order needs Theory Y.
He suggested that management could use either set of needs to motivate employees, but better results would be gained by the use of Theory Y, rather than Theory X.
These two opposing perceptions theorized how people view human behavior at work and organizational life: Theory X With Theory X assumptions, management's role is to coerce and control employees.
People have an inherent dislike for work and will avoid it whenever possible. People must be coerced, controlled, directed, or threatened with punishment in order to get them to achieve the organizational objectives.
People prefer to be directed, do not want responsibility, and have little or no ambition. People seek security above all else. Theory Y With Theory Y assumptions, management's role is to develop the potential in employees and help them to release that potential towards common goals. Work is as natural as play and rest.
People will exercise self-direction if they are committed to the objectives they are NOT lazy. Commitment to objectives is a function of the rewards associated with their achievement.
People learn to accept and seek responsibility. Creativity, ingenuity, and imagination are widely distributed among the population. People are capable of using these abilities to solve an organizational problem. Intellectual creativity cannot be 'programmed' and directed the way we program and direct an assembly line or an accounting department.
This kind of intellectual contribution to the enterprise cannot be obtained by giving orders, by traditional supervisory practices, or by close systems of control. Even conventional notions of productivity are meaningless with reference to the creative intellectual effort.
Management has not yet considered in any depth what is involved in managing an organization heavily populated with people whose prime contribution consists of creative intellectual effort. For more information, see Leadership and Human Behavior. Next Steps Notes Updated October 3, Created July 13, Maslow vs.
Mcgregor. Backgrounds Douglas McGregor was a management professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management. He introduced a new motivational theory in his book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’, stating that all workers were divided into two groups: Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X workers were lazy, irrational and unreliable, .
Management > Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X and Theory Y. In his book, The Human Side of Enterprise, Douglas McGregor proposed two theories by which to view employee rutadeltambor.com avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories Theory X and Theory rutadeltambor.com of these theories begin with the premise that management's role is to assemble the factors of production, including people.
The Theory X and Theory Y management styles were introduced by Douglas McGregor in his book, "The Human Side of Enterprise." He identified two distinct approaches to management and labeled.
It is no mistake the book is called `The Human side of enterprise' and not - The Human side of THE enterprise. We are talking here about the enterprise of humans as a natural instinct, not the organisational enterprise which is an unnatural rutadeltambor.coms: douglas mcgregor - theory x y Douglas McGregor 's XY Theory, managing an X Theory boss, and William Ouchi 's Theory Z Douglas McGregor, an American social psychologist, proposed his famous X-Y theory in his book 'The Human Side Of Enterprise '.
Money or the challenge? Theory X and Theory Y explains how your perceptions can affect your management style. Theory X and Theory Y were first explained by McGregor in his book, 'The Human Side of Enterprise,' and they refer to two styles of management The concept of Theory X and Theory Y was developed by social psychologist Douglas.