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This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name " Pulau Ujong ", or "island at the end" of the Malay Peninsula. British colonisation Main articles: Founding of modern Singapore and Singapore in the Straits Settlements survey map.
Singapore's free port trade was at Singapore River for years. Fort Canning hill centre was home to its ancient and early colonial rulers. Raffles arrived in Singapore on 28 January and soon recognised the island as a natural choice for the new port. The island was then nominally ruled by the Sultan of Johorwho was controlled by the Dutch and the Bugis.
However, the Sultanate was weakened by factional division and Tengku Abdu'r Rahman and his officials were loyal to Tengku Rahman's elder brother Tengku Long who was living in exile in Riau. The only significant event during the war was a mutiny by the Muslim sepoys from British India who were garrisoned in Singapore, which occurred in After hearing rumours that they were to be sent off to fight the Ottoman Empirewhich was a Muslim state, the soldiers rebelled.
They killed their officers and several British civilians before the mutiny was suppressed by non-Muslim troops arriving from Johore and Burma.
Raffles Hotel was established in Its renowned Long Bar is home to the Singapore Sling cocktail. Originally announced inthe construction of the base proceeded slowly until the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in Winston Churchill touted it as the " Gibraltar of the East" and military discussions often referred to the base as simply " East of Suez ".
Unfortunately, it was a base without a fleet. The British Home Fleet was stationed in Europe, and the British could not afford to build a second fleet to protect its interests in Asia.
The plan was for the Home Fleet to sail quickly to Singapore in the event of an emergency.
When the British force of 60, troops surrendered on 15 FebruaryBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill called the defeat "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history. Japanese newspapers triumphantly declared the victory as deciding the general situation of the war.
It was subsequently re-occupied by British, Indian and Australian forces following the Japanese surrender in September.
He was convicted and hanged in the Philippines on 23 February Kallang Airport 's control tower near the city has been conserved.
After the Japanese surrender to the Allies on 15 AugustSingapore fell into a brief state of violence and disorder; looting and revenge-killing were widespread. Much of the infrastructure had been destroyed during the war, including harbor facilities at the Port of Singapore.
There was also a shortage of food leading to malnutrition, disease, and rampant crime and violence. High food prices, unemployment, and workers' discontent culminated into a series of strikes in causing massive stoppages in public transport and other services.
By latethe economy began to recover, facilitated by a growing demand for tin and rubber around the world, but it would take several more years before the economy returned to pre-war levels.
The decades after the war saw a political awakening amongst the local populace and the rise of anti-colonial and nationalist sentiments, epitomized by the slogan Merdekaor "independence" in the Malay language.
The British, on their part, were prepared to gradually increase self-governance for Singapore and Malaya. In Julyseparate Executive and Legislative Councils were established and the election of six members of the Legislative Council was scheduled in the following year.
Bumboats used to transport cargoes and supplies between nearshore ships and Singapore River, c. He led a delegation to London, but Britain rejected his demand for complete self-rule.
He resigned and was replaced by Lim Yew Hock inwhose policies convinced Britain to grant Singapore full internal self-government for all matters except defence and foreign affairs.
Singapore became an internally self-governing state within the Commonwealth, with Lee Kuan Yew as its first Prime Minister.After the PSLE, I checked with a few tutees on their story plots. Although we had done the same topic before, they did not write the same stories. PSLE English Model Exam Papers is modelled after the latest PSLE English Language examination format issued by the Ministry of Education.
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