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Sylvia Plath Also wrote under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas American poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, memoirist, and scriptwriter. The following entry presents criticism on Plath from to Considered an important poet of the post-World War II era, Plath became widely known following her suicide in and the posthumous publication of Ariela collection containing some of her most startling and acclaimed verse.
Through bold metaphors and stark, often violent and Sylvia plath poetry analysis essays imagery, Plath's works evoke mythic qualities in nature and humanity. Her vivid, intense poems explore such topics as personal and feminine identity, individual suffering and oppression, and the inevitability of death.
Plath's life and works experienced renewed interest when her former husband, the poet Ted Hughes, published in a volume of poems—Birthday Letters—intended to tell his side of the story of their stormy marriage. Her father, a German immigrant, was a professor of entomology at Boston College who maintained a special interest in the study of bees.
His sudden death from diabetes mellitus in devastated the eight-year-old Plath, and many critics note the significance of this traumatic experience to her poetry, which frequently contains both brutal and reverential characterizations of her father, as well as imagery of the sea and allusions to bees.
Plath began publishing poetry at an early age in such publications as Seventeen magazine and the Christian Science Monitor, and in she earned a scholarship to Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts.
After spending a month as a guest editor for Mademoiselle in New York City during the summer of her junior year, Plath suffered a mental collapse that resulted in a suicide attempt and her subsequent institutionalization. She later chronicled the circumstances and consequences of this breakdown in her best-selling novel The Bell Jar.
Following her recovery, Plath returned to Smith and graduated summa cum laude in Although they were both by that time respected poets, the competition between Plath and Hughes was intense, with Plath frequently feeling overshadowed and intimidated by Hughes. The eventual disintegration of their marriage in the early s, intensified for Plath by Hughes's relationship with another woman, and the ensuing struggles with severe depression that led to her suicide in are considered crucial elements of Plath's most critically acclaimed poetry.
Major Works Plath's poetry poignantly reflects her struggles with despair and mental illness, while her efforts to assert a strong female identity and to balance familial, marital, and career aspirations have established her as a representative voice for feminist concerns.
Although she is frequently linked with confessional poets such as Robert Lowell, Anne Sexton, and John Berryman, all of whom directly expressed personal torments and anguish in their work, critics have noted that many of Plath's poems are dramatic monologues voiced by a character who is not necessarily autobiographical.
Plath's verse is represented in several volumes. The Colossusthe only book of her poems published during her lifetime, collects poems dating from the mid- to late s; Ariel contains poems selected by Hughes from among the many works Plath composed during the final months before her death; Winter Trees collects several more of the Ariel poems and reflects Hughes's plan to publish Plath's later works in intervals; Crossing the Water: Transitional Poems reprints most of post-Colossus and pre-Ariel verse; and The Collected Poemswhich won a Pulitzer Prize infeatures all of her verse, including juvenilia and several previously unpublished pieces in order of composition.
Plath's early verse reflects various poetic influences, evoking the mythic qualities of the works of William Butler Yeats and Ted Hughes, the diverse experiments with form and language of Gerard Manley Hopkins and W. Auden, and the focus on personal concerns that dominates the verse of Robert Lowell and Theodore Roethke.
Most of her early poems are formal, meticulously crafted, and feature elaborate syntax and well-developed metaphors. These early poems are more subdued in their subject matter, tone, and language than the later work for which she became renowned. This later work evidences the increasing frustration of her desires.
Her ambitions of finding happiness through work, marriage, and family were thwarted by such events as hospital stays for a miscarriage and an appendectomy, the breakup of her marriage, and fluctuating moods in which she felt vulnerable to male domination and threatening natural forces, particularly death.
Following the dissolution of her marriage, Plath moved with her two children from the Devon countryside to a London flat, where the Irish poet William Butler Yeats had once resided, and wrote feverishly from the summer of until her death in February of the following year.
These poems, which reflect her increasing anger, bitterness, and despair, feature intense, rhythmic language that blends terse statements, sing-song passages, repetitive phrasing, and sudden violent images, metaphors, and declarations.
Plath's relationship with her husband supplied her with material for poems containing similarly violent imagery, where women are discussed as dolls and other objects of men's whimsy.
Some critics contend that Plath's jarring effects and preoccupation with her own problems are extravagant, and many object to her equation of personal sufferings with such horrors as those experienced by victims of Nazi genocide.
Others, however, praise the passion and formal structure of her later poems, through which she confronted her tensions and conflicts. Since Plath's death, Ted Hughes has frequently been excoriated, particularly by feminist critics and writers, for driving her to suicide and for his seemingly callous response to her.Sylvia Plath (Also wrote under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas) American poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist, memoirist, and scriptwriter.
Sylvia Plath (/ p l æ θ /; October 27, – February 11, ) was an American poet, novelist, and short-story writer.
Born in Boston, Massachusetts, she studied at Smith College and Newnham College at the University of Cambridge before receiving acclaim as a poet and writer.
Analysis of Sylvia Plath’s “Mirror” Sylvia Plath is known as the poet of confession. Her life is strongly connected to her works. Her life is strongly connected to her works.
She uses poetry as a way to confess her feelings, to express and release her pain in life. Sylvia Plath was born on October 27th, of two parents in a middleclass household in Boston. At a very young age, she demonstrated great literary talent and a hardworking attitude, publishing her first poem at the age of eight and maintaining a straight A record throughout all of her studies.
Sylvia Plath: Poems essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Sylvia Plath's poetry. Horror in the poetry of Sylvia Plath. Essays and criticism on Sylvia Plath - Critical Essays. Plath’s poetry has a two-level audience—some readers are drawn to her work for its sensationalism, its willingness to share details of.