Epidemiology[ edit ] A group of physicians in an image from the Vienna Dioscuridesnamed after the physician Galen shown at the top center. Induring the epidemic, the Greek physician and writer Galen traveled from Rome to his home in Asia Minor. Galen briefly records observations and a description of the epidemic in the treatise Methodus Medendi, and his other references to it are scattered among his voluminous writings. He describes the plague as "great" and of long duration and mentions feverdiarrheaand pharyngitisas well as a skin eruption, sometimes dry and sometimes pustularappearing on the ninth day of the illness.
This section recounts the first atomic bombing. While President Truman had hoped for a purely military target, some advisers believed that bombing an urban area might break the fighting will of the Japanese people.
Hiroshima was a major port and a military headquarters, and therefore a strategic target. Also, visual bombing, rather than radar, would be used so that photographs of the damage could be taken.
A T-shaped bridge at the junction of the Honkawa and Motoyasu rivers near downtown Hiroshima was the target. The bomb exploded some 1, feet above the center of the city, over Shima Surgical Hospital, some 70 yards southeast of the Industrial Promotional Hall now known as the Atomic Bomb Dome.
Crewmembers of the Enola Gay saw a column of smoke rising fast and intense fires springing up. The burst temperature was estimated to reach over a million degrees Celsius, which ignited the surrounding air, forming a fireball some feet in diameter.
Eyewitnesses more than 5 miles away said its brightness exceeded the sun tenfold. In less than one second, the fireball had expanded to feet.
The blast wave shattered windows for a distance of ten miles and was felt as far away as 37 miles. The hundreds of fires, ignited by the thermal pulse, combined to produce a firestorm that had incinerated everything within about 4.
To the crew of the Enola Gay, Hiroshima had disappeared under a thick, churning foam of flames and smoke. It caused contamination even in areas that were remote from the explosion.
Radio stations went off the air, and the main line telegraph had stopped working just north of Hiroshima. Chaotic reports of a horrific explosion came from several railway stops close to the city and were transmitted to the Headquarters of the Japanese General Staff.
Military headquarters personnel tried to contact the Army Control Station in Hiroshima and were met with complete silence. The Japanese were puzzled. They knew that no large enemy raid could have occurred, and no sizeable store of explosives was in Hiroshima at that time, yet terrible rumors were starting.
A young officer of the Japanese General Staff was instructed to fly immediately to Hiroshima, to land, survey the damage and return to Tokyo with reliable information for the staff. Headquarters doubted that anything serious had occurred, but the rumors were building.
When the staff officer in his plane was nearly miles km from Hiroshima, he and his pilot noticed a huge cloud of smoke from the bomb. In the bright afternoon, the remains of Hiroshima were burning. The plane soon reached the city and circled it. A great scar on the land was still burning, covered by a heavy cloud of smoke.
They landed south of Hiroshima, and the staff officer immediately began to organize relief measures, after reporting to Tokyo. The primary target was the Kokura Arsenal, but upon reaching the target, they found that it was covered by a heavy ground haze and smoke.
This section recounts the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan. Like Hiroshima, the immediate aftermath in Nagasaki was a nightmare. More than forty percent of the city was destroyed. Major hospitals had been utterly flattened and care for the injured was impossible. Schools, churches, and homes had simply disappeared.A Time-line for the History of Mathematics (Many of the early dates are approximates) This work is under constant revision, so come back later.
Please report any errors to me at [email protected] sweet flag / bitterroot Acorus calamus, A. americanus. I probably know calamus more deeply than any other plant I’ve worked with, yet in spite of that (or perhaps because of it) I find it most difficult to capture what I know of it in a way that adequately conveys its essential nature; its medicine.
- The Black Death The Black Death had a huge effect on Europe in the Middle Ages. Another name for the Black Death is the plague. This paper is meant to familiarize with the plague and also provide a general idea of what it was like.
It will also show some changes that were made because of the plague. September Remember the essays you had to write in high school?
Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion. The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in Moby Dick was a Christ-like figure.
Oy. The Black Death created a race for survival and all were playing. As they continued to run from the plague, the people of Europe felt that they needed to blame someone for causing the outrage.
At this time in history, Christians persecuted Jews in Europe and blamed them for bad luck and even bad weather. The Black Plague and its Impact on Medicine in Medieval Society The Black Death (also called the "plague" or the "pestilence", the bacteria that causes it is Yersinia Pestis) was a devastating pandemic causing the death of over one-third of Europe's population in its major wave of